Abnormal psychology Chapter 7 vocabulary Question Answer Group of disorders involving severe and enduring disturbances in emotionality ranging from elation to severe depression Mood disorders Most common and severe experience of depression, including feelings of worthlessness, disturbances in bodily activities like sleep, loss of interest, and inability to experience pleasure, lasting at least 2 weeks.
Abnormal Psychology. Sexual and gender identity disorders. Search for: Transvestic Fetishism () DSM-IV-TR criteria. Over a period of at least 6 months, in a heterosexual male, recurrent, intense sexually arousing fantasies, sexual urges, or behaviors involving cross-dressing. The Clinical Interview A clinical interview is a face-to-face encounter between a mental health professional and a patient in which the former observes the latter and gathers data about the person’s behavior, attitudes, current situation, personality, and life history. Study Flashcards On Exam 1 Material Chapters for Abnormal Psychology at caninariojana.com Quickly memorize the terms, phrases and much more. caninariojana.com makes it easy to get the grade you want!/5(1).
Abnormal Psychology By Saul McLeodupdated August 05, Abnormal psychology is a division of psychology that studies people who are "abnormal" or "atypical" compared to the members of a given society.
The definition of the word abnormal is simple enough but applying this to psychology poses a complex problem: The concept of abnormality is imprecise and difficult to define. Examples of abnormality can take many different forms and involve different features, so that, what at first sight seem quite reasonable definitions, turns out to be quite problematical.
Definitions of Abnormality Statistical Infrequency Under this definition of abnormality, a person's trait, thinking or behavior is classified as abnormal if it is rare or statistically unusual.
With this definition it is necessary to be clear about how rare a trait or behavior needs to be before we class it as abnormal. For instance one may say that an individual who has an IQ below or above the average level of IQ in society is abnormal.
The statistical approach helps to address what is meant by normal in a statistical context.
It helps us make cut — off points in terms of diagnosis. However, this definition fails to distinguish between desirable and undesirable behavior. For example, obesity is a statistically normal but not associated with healthy or desirable.
Conversely high IQ is statistically abnormal, but may well be regarded as highly desirable. Many rare behaviors or characteristics e. Some characteristics are regarded as abnormal even though they are quite frequent. Who decides what is statistically rare and how do they decide?
For example, if an IQ of 70 is the cut-off point, how can we justify saying someone with 69 is abnormal, and someone with 70 normal? This definition also implies that the presence of abnormal behavior in people should be rare or statistically unusual, which is not the case.
Instead, any specific abnormal behavior may be unusual, but it is not unusual for people to exhibit some form of prolonged abnormal behavior at some point in their lives, and mental disorders such as depression are actually very statistically common. Violation of Social Norms Under this definition, a person's thinking or behavior is classified as abnormal if it violates the unwritten rules about what is expected or acceptable behavior in a particular social group.
Their behavior may be incomprehensible to others or make others feel threatened or uncomfortable. Every culture has certain standards for acceptable behavior, or socially acceptable norms.
Norms are expected ways of behaving in a society according to the majority and those members of a society who do not think and behave like everyone else break these norms so are often defined as abnormal. There are a number of influences on social norms that need to be taken into account when considering the social norms definition: Culture Different cultures and subcultures are going to have different social norms.
For example, it is common in Southern Europe to stand much closer to strangers than in the UK. Voice pitch and volume, touching, direction of gaze and acceptable subjects for discussion have all been found to vary between cultures. Context and Situation At any one time, a type of behaviour might be considered normal whereas another time the same behaviour could be abnormal, depending on both context and situation.
Start studying Abnormal Psychology Chapter 3. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. A series of steps designed to gather information about a person and their environment in order to make decisions about the nature, status, and treatment of . The Journal of Abnormal Psychology ® publishes articles on basic research and theory in the broad field of psychopathology and other abnormal behaviors, their determinants, and correlates.. The following topics fall within the journal's major areas of focus: psychopathology — its etiology, development, symptomatology, and course.
For example, wearing a chicken suit in the street for a charity event would seem normal, but wearing a chicken suit for everyday activities such as shopping or going to church, it would be socially abnormal.
Historical Context Time must also be taken into account, as what is considered abnormal at one time in one culture may be normal another time, even in the same culture.
For example, one hundred years ago, pregnancy outside of marriage was considered a sign of mental illness and some women were institutionalised, whereas now this is not the case Age and Gender Different people can behave in the same way and for some will be normal and others abnormal, depending on age and gender and sometimes other factors.
For example, a man wearing a dress and high heels may be considered socially abnormal as society would not expect it, whereas this is expected of women With this definition, it is necessary to consider: The most obvious problem with defining abnormality using social norms is that there is no universal agreement over social norms.
Social norms are culturally specific - they can differ significantly from one generation to the next and between different ethnic, regional and socio-economic groups.Psychology Chapter 16 Psychological Disorders Study questions.
Section What Are Psychological Disorders? 1. What is “normal” and “abnormal?“. Abnormal Psychology PSYTE It focuses on the causes of abnormality, the different forms of abnormal behavior, theories that have been put forth to explain abnormal behavior, and common forms of treatment.
(3 s.h.) • Test format: multiple choice questions (1 point each). Chapter 6 Comer, Abnormal Psychology, 8e Slides & Handouts by Karen Clay Rhines, Ph.D. Northampton Community College Stress, Coping, and the Anxiety Comer, Abnormal Psychology, 8e 3.
2 Stress, Coping, and the Anxiety Response •Stress also plays a more central role in certain.
psychology. Want to understand the study of how humans feel and think? We break down the main components of psychology, including personality, emotion, intelligence, and memory.
Our study guides are available online and in book form at caninariojana.com Psychology Date Topic Readings January 20 Introduction & Goals of the Course January 25 Defining Abnormal Behavior Chapter 1 January 27 Understanding the Causes of Psychopathology Chapter 2 February 1 What Happens in Treatment?
PSY , Abnormal Psychology 3 APA style with appropriate citations; and a title slide at the beginning of your presentation as well as a references slide at the end of your presentation for your resources.
Chapter 3: Diagnosis and Assessment.