Much discussion by a Target committee had preceded the decision to make Hiroshima the first target. Kyoto was also considered but its unrivalled beauty ruled it out. Dropped by parachute it exploded about m. Almost immediately a fireball was created from which were emitted radiation and heat rays, and severe shock waves were created by the blast.
I agree with the statement to a large extent. World War II is known for acts of heroism on both sides, as well as controversial decisions.
One major event that has long been debated was the use of atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki. The political landscape before the bomb was dropped prevented a Japanese surrender.
The war would have taken much longer had an invasion been attempted. The Allies were justified in dropping atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki. I agree with the statement as the bombing was the most viable way to force the Japanese to surrender.
The Allied offer of the Potsdam Conference on July 26, stipulated that the war would end only when the Japanese surrendered and gave up Emperor Hirohito.
This offer was completely unacceptable to the Japanese, who, at the time, regarded their emperor as a god. President Harry S Truman was in a situation where he could not change the terms of the offer, because the American citizens wanted Hirohito imprisoned, if not executed.
Thus, dropping the atomic bomb could cause the Japanese to surrender without having the Americans to change the terms. However, it is considered as a war crime and an immoral act against humanity to drop the atomic bombs onto Hiroshima and Nagasaki.
Even scientists who worked on the bomb were against using it and said: In the opinion of the court, the act of dropping an atomic bomb on cities was at the time governed by international law found in the Hague Regulations on Land Warfare of and the Hague Draft Rules of Air Warfare of — and was therefore illegal.
Nonetheless, I feel the atomic bomb is essential to bring WW2 to an end.
Even before Hiroshima and Nagasaki, Japan was looking for a way out. Indeed, the only thing preventing a Japanese surrender was a matter of semantics: Another reason that the Americans were justified in dropping the bomb was that it ended the war much more quickly than would an invasion.
The second of the two atomic bombs was dropped on Nagasaki on August 9, and the Japanese surrendered 5 days later on August 14, The alternative to the use of the atomic bomb, an invasion over land, had been scheduled for November 1 had the bombing not succeeded or had it been cancelled.
This invasion could have dragged on for months, if not years, and the war easily would have carried on into However, the atomic bomb can be dropped at some rural areas instead of heavily populated cities like Hiroshima and Nagasaki.
The ultimate aim of the Americans for dropping the atomic bomb was to show the Japanese how powerful American was. Dropping the atomic bomb at a rural area could still show how powerful the atomic bomb was and the Japanese would surrender in the end and not risk letting the Americans to drop another bomb onto a big city which would cause a great loss of lives.
In this way, the Americans can achieve their aim of ending the war sooner while at the same time without destroying the lives of the innocent Japanese citizens. In my opinion, dropping the bombs onto the cities were necessary as United States only had two bombs plus one testedand the bombs were very expensive and time-consuming to manufacture.
If the Japanese were not sufficiently impressed with the show of strength, then the United States would only have one bomb left to attack Japan with. Since they did not surrender after the bombing of Hiroshima, the Japanese definitely would not have surrendered if the bomb were to drop at a rural area.
The bomb at rural areas would not show the full power of the bomb as clearly as actually using it on a target.
Also, the demonstration may not have shown any of the power of the bomb: Even if the bomb did work, the United States would have to tell the Japanese where to look ahead of time, and the Japanese might have put prisoners of war or other people in the target area.
Lastly, I agree with the statement is because the bombings claimed far less lives than would have been taken during an invasion. Between the two cities, there was estimated to have been approximatelydeaths as a result of the bombings. President Truman estimated that as many as one million American soldiers would have died in an invasion of Japan, as would most of the two million Japanese soldiers stationed in the home islands, as well as many civilians.
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