Online access is also available via the ACS website. Chapter 14 contains the rules for how to cite references in text and create a bibliography. A short summary of those rules and some examples are provided below — note these only scratch the surface of the style rules.
Literacy Education Online MLA Parenthetical Documentation In MLA style, in-text citations, called parenthetical citations, are used to document any external sources used within a document unless the material cited is considered general knowledge.
The parenthetical citations direct readers to the full bibliographic citations listed in the Works Cited, located at the end of the document. In most cases, the parenthetical citations include the author's last name and the specific page number for the information cited. Here are general guidelines for in-text citations, including use of authors' namesplacement of citationsand treatment of electronic sources.
Always mention the author's name—either in the text itself or in the parenthetical citation—unless no author is provided. If the author's name is mentioned in the text If the author's name is used in the text introducing the source material, then cite the page number s in parentheses: Branscomb argues that "it's a good idea to lurk i.
If the author's name is not mentioned in the text If the author's name is not used in the sentence introducing the source material, then include the author's last name in the parenthetical citation before the page number s.
Note that no comma appears between the author's name and the page number s.
The modern world requires both the ability to concentrate on one thing and the ability to attend to more than one thing at a time: If there is more than one work by the same author If a document uses more than one work by an individual author, include an abbreviated form of the title of the work in addition to the author's name and relevant page number s.
Separate the author's name and the title with a comma: Hypertextuality makes text borderless as it "redefines not only beginning and endings of the text but also its borders—its sides, as it were" Landow, Hypertext 2.
If two authors have the same last name If the document uses two sources by authors with the same last name, include the author's first name in the text or the parenthetical citation: Tom Peters talks about a company that facilitates employees' renewal by shutting down its factory for several hours per week while teams work through readings on current business topics If there are two or three authors If a source has two or three authors, place all of the authors' last names in the text or in the parenthetical citation: A team can be defined as "a small number of people with complementary skills who are committed to a common purpose, performance goals, and approach for which they hold themselves mutually accountable" Katzenbach and Smith If there are four or more authors If a source has four or more authors, include the first author's last name followed by et al.
Latin for and otherseither in the text or in the parenthetical citation.
You can also name all of the authors: If the source has a corporate author If a source has a corporate author, include the author's name and the page s. If the corporate author's name is long, it should be included in the text rather than the parentheses: According to the Centre for Development and Population Activities, interest in gender roles and responsibilities over the past decade has been "driven by the realization that women often do not benefit from development activities and in some cases become even poorer and more marginalized" 3.
If no author is identified If a source does not include an author's name, substitute for the author's name the title or an abbreviated title in the text or parenthetical citation. Underline the title if the source is a book; if the source is an article, use quotation marks: The use of Customer Relationship Management CRM systems has grown substantially over the past five years as companies attempt to adapt to customer needs and to improve their profitability "Making CRM Work".When do you use in-text citation?
Whenever you use information from another source in your report. When you use someone else’s ideas but write it in your own words. Do not use quotation marks. Original Quote: “To avoid plagiarizing an author’s language close the book, write from memory, and then open the book to check for accuracy.
Note: Remember, you do not need to create formal citations in your reference list for classical works. Citing and formatting block quotes: When directly quoting information from sources in your writing, you may need to format it .
The citation style to use is determined by your professor, or if you are submitting a manuscript, by the journal or publisher.
However, each discipline tends to use one or two styles. How to Write caninariojana.com | Free Citation Generator. This Free Citation Generator, with its Style Guides and Community Forum, is run by Scholars for APA Style and MLA Style (Harvard referencing) as well as Chicago Notes Style and Turabian Style (Oxford referencing), for your Bibliography, List of Works Cited, and Reference List.
How to Write caninariojana.com | Free Citation Generator. This Free Citation Generator, with its Style Guides and Community Forum, is run by Scholars for APA Style and MLA Style (Harvard referencing) as well as Chicago Notes Style and Turabian Style (Oxford referencing), for your Bibliography, List of Works Cited, and Reference List.
Learn, Write & Cite. ACS Style Guide. ACS Style Guide. Print copies of the 3rd edition of the ACS Style Guide can be found in several libraries on campus.
Different reference formats (book vs. journal vs.
website) have different rules for citation. See below for some common format examples.