Overview[ edit ] Definitions of complexity often depend on the concept of a confidential " system " — a set of parts or elements that have relationships among them differentiated from relationships with other elements outside the relational regime. Many definitions tend to postulate or assume that complexity expresses a condition of numerous elements in a system and numerous forms of relationships among the elements. However, what one sees as complex and what one sees as simple is relative and changes with time. Warren Weaver posited in two forms of complexity:
Any nation that wants to be recognized as a developed country must build its human resources firmly. Hence, a country is said to be technologically developed, if majority of her populace are well educated.
Therefore, those that impart the needed knowledge or those that build and mould character must be motivated adequately because motivation is the key to performance and improvement. Hence it is believed that a motivated teacher always complete the tasks set for him, even when such tasks or assignments are difficult or seen uninteresting.
However the pertinent question that may rise is; what is motivation?
So motivation can mean the process of arousing the interest of an individual to take a move towards a certain goal.
Harzbergdefines motivation as all those phenomena which are involved in the stimulation of actions toward particular objectives where previously, there was little or no movement towards these goals.
Waitleydefines motivation as the inner derive which prompts people act in a certain way. Motivation involved a number of psychological factors that start and maintained activities towards the achievement of personal goals.
Motivation in education can have several effects on how students learn and their behaviour towards subjects matter Ormord Motivation of teachers and students in teaching and learning process can direct behaviour towards particular goals, leads to increase effort and energy enhance cognitive processing, increase initiation of and persistence in activities, determine what consequences are reinforcing and it can also lead to improved performance.
Orphlims is of the view that motivated teachers always look for better ways to do their teaching job, they are more quality oriented and are more productive.
Therefore, it means that motivated teachers are determine, to give their, best to achieve the maximum output qualitative education. Motivation can be in the form of regular payment of salary, fringe benefit, such as allowance, bonus on the job training, promotion of the teachers, provision of good working environment, maintaining high degree of relationship and improving the teachers general well being.
Hence, any teacher that enjoys the above named items is band to give all his best in discharging of his duty because, he would derive satisfaction of being a teacher. In educational sector, motivation plays a great role. When teachers are motivated, this will lead to good performance and high productivity to the sustain of the national growth and development and also, the welfare of its citizens at large.
According to Alu, Eya, Odo, Ede and Ugwu education is an ancient enterprise designed to be the vehicle of social change and over development of self, culture and society.
Education is a process designed to help all human beings to grows into persons. Also motivation has an effect on the society in various ways for the development of the nation of the hallmarks of the development and economic prosperity while low performance create problem of underdevelopment.
Since the future of the country lies with the students, so those students need to be well educated, so that they can be equipped with the knowledge and skills to pilot the affairs of this country. Therefore, the impact of motivation and academic performance of the students when properly treated, will lead to good performance and high productivity to the sustenance of the national progress.
The absent of motivation has a negative effect in the standard of education in the country as the students are being deprived of the needed knowledge because the teachers are to motivated to impact the needed knowledge.
Hence, the problems associated with this negative attitude towards motivation result to this: Society human resources will be lagging since the character and knowledge moulder teacher cannot satisfactorily perform his duty.
Therefore, the resultant effect of this problem affects the society at large, since the educational sector cannot produce the desired result as designed in the national policy of education I The study specifically tends to; i.
To find the extent to which supervision of instruction influence learning and enhance students academic performance. To find out the extent to which government regular payment of salaries at and when due to the teachers.
To find out the extent to which promotion of teachers at and when due influences teaching and learning process. To find out the extent to which such programmes like seminars, conferences and workshops that are conducted for the teachers can enhance their personal academic and professional growth.
However, this research will be significance in the following ways: Parents will also benefit when teachers are being motivated in the sense that the students will be responsible to their parents and also the money spent on them will not be in vein because they will help in carrying out families responsibilities.
Students will benefit equally when teachers are motivated because the research will enable them to enhance and improve their academic performance. The teachers also benefit a lot when they positive motivation is given to them in terms of promotion, fringe benefit, salaries are paid at and when due, they will give in their best in the teaching process.
And also their standard of living will improve. To what extent does irregular payment of teachers salaries affect the teachers performance on their academic desk?
To what extent does the conducting of seminars, conferences and workshops for the teachers influence the teaching learning process? To what extent does inadequate promotion of teachers affect them in disposing their duties effectively and efficiency?
The review is presented under two broad headings.International Journal of Academic Research in Business and Social Sciences April , Vol.
4, No. 4 ISSN: 86 caninariojana.com The Impact of Training and Development on Employees. Best Practices of Private Sector Employers TABLE OF CONTENTS (Page numbers are retained for reference to the printed copy only) MEMBERS OF THE TASK FORCE 1.
A study on the effect of Stress on performance of employees in the impact of Job related stress, Organizational related stress, and Individual related stress on performance.
performance of employee in Commercial Bank branches in Eastern province with the following research question: What are the main sources of stress .
Employee Engagement and Its Impact on Organizational Success – A Study in Manufacturing.. DOI: /X caninariojana.com 53 | Page. International Journal of Human Resource Studies ISSN , Vol. 5, No.
2 87 caninariojana.com Effect of motivation on employee performance of. Impact of Stress on Job Performance: An Empirical study of the Employees of Private Sector Universities of Karachi, Pakistan have positive or negative impact job performance. Scope of the study: This study is conducted on private sector’s Impact of stress on employee job performance in business sector of Pakistan, Global .